Patrick Breen, The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. This is a large family with species like wattles (Acacia spp. Yellowwood also has a beautiful framework of branches that provides winter interest, but the tree’s multiple trunk habit makes it prone … New York 21:327. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. References . For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Perkin's Pink' (syn. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Tree ID: 5. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. Native: indigenous. The yellowwood belongs to the Fabaceae (pea) family. More About Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) leaf color is bright green, … Identification: Leaves – deciduous, alternate, pinnately compound, with alternate leaflets; leaflets are obvate, entire, and yellow-green.. Twigs – stout with naked buds that are completely enclosed within the petiole.. Fruit – a 3-4″ legume, often constricted in the middle. Lifespan. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. & Ma, J.-S. (1997). American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis (Leguminosae subfamily Faboideae tribe Sophoreae): a historic and taxonomic overview. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up … In Missouri, it typically occurs in … The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The tree forms a characteristic trunk when older. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank) References: ** … Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Fabaceae. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. Cladrastis kentukea is widely grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive flowers, and is locally naturalized in many areas of the eastern United States outside of its restricted native range. May 2012. CLQLU (Cladrastis lutea) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. Scientific Name . Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Vernacular names . In autumn they turn a bright clear yellow. Flowering is in early summer (June in its native region), and is variable from year to year, with heavy flowering every second or third year. Family: Fabaceae. Leaves: Alternate, pinnately compound, eight to twelve inches long, main stem stout, enlarged at base. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of … For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. Cladrastis kentukea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. At the Morton Arboretum, one of the roads opens into a small grove of yellowwoods, and I can vividly remember the way the afternoon sun filters through the … Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America. It is also listed as Cladrastis lutea, a synonym. The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. The largest specimen known is at Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 m tall and 2.2 m trunk diameter; the tallest known is a slender tree 27 m tall but only 0.55 m trunk diameter, at Plott Cove Research Natural Area, Georgia (Spongberg & Ma 1997; Eastern Native Trees Society). Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. The smooth dark gray bark along with the narrow branch angles makes a good winter identification feature. The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae … campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. Specifications. Well-drained soil. Date planted. Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. The tree … Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. 1971 "kentuckea" USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. The smooth gray bark … NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Family . The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Deutsch: … Cladrastis kentukea, also known as yellowwood or American yellowwood is a medium sized (30-50 feet) deciduous tree native to North America. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. Corolla: Papilinaceous; standard broad, white, marked on the inner surface with a pale yellow blotch; wings oblong; keel petals free. Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Its native habitat is found in small patches throughout the southeastern United States. Sun. The flowers are fragrant, white, produced in Wisteria-like racemes 15–30 cm long. Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. Sp. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. Phytologia; Designed to Expedite Botanical Publication. Home » Trees » Fabaceae » Cladrastris kentukea » Yellowwood. 'Rosea', an invalid name) with pink flowers. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. Family (English): Pea. Yellowwood Basic Information. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The other six are found in Asia. YELLOWWOOD - CLADRASTIS KENTUKEA. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall.Cladrastis is native to eastern Asia, and one species to … Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Cladrastis lutea (F. gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. The leaves are compound pinnate, 20–30 cm long, with 5-11 (mostly 7-9) alternately arranged leaflets, each leaflet broad ovate with an acute apex, 6–13 cm long and 3–7 cm broad, with an entire margin and a thinly to densely hairy underside. Species: Cladrastis kentukea (kla-dras'tis ken-tuk'ee-ah) Yellowwood Cultivar Information * See specific cultivar notes on next page. Cours.) Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood A medium deciduous tree known for its smooth gray bark, vase-shaped habit, and extremely fragrant pendulous white flowers. Tolerates alkaline and acid pH soils, native to limestone cliffs and ridges. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. Michx.) American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Flowers: June. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. General description. Cladrastis kentukea. The name yellowwood derives from its yellow heartwood, used in small amounts for specialist furniture, gunstocks and decorative woodturning. You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis kentukea, Cladrastis lutea or Cladrastis tinctoria. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnately compound, 20-30 cm long, usually 7-9 leaflets (terminal leaflet largest), each elliptic to ovate, entire, bright green, petiole enlarged at base and enclosing bud. Fruit: Legume, smooth, linear-compressed, tipped with the remnants of the styles. Yellowwood is a medium sized (about 30 to 50 feet tall) tree that is native to North … Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Cladrastis » Species: kentukea Picture of a Yellowwood Tree (Cladrastis kentukea) Picture of a American Yellowwood Tree, (Cladrastis kentukea) Species. Genus and species: Cladrastris kentukea. Height: 8 - 10 (15) m. Crown: flat globular, half-open crown, capricious growing. Cours.) Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters or pea-like structures. Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. K. Koch; International Common Names. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Some authors write the name as one word, "yellowwood." French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Oregon State Univ. Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Family. Cladrastis kentukea, Yellowwood, is a small deciduous tree to 15 (20) m tall with a DBH of up to 0.91 m, and its vegetative parts are generally hairless, though individuals from Alabama and elsewhere sometimes have pubescent twigs and leaf undersides, at least when young; the bark of the trunk is smooth, thin, and silvery gray; the leaves are compound, odd-pinnate (with a terminal leaflet), and 10 … One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. Seeds four to six, dark brown. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. Leaf: odd-pinnate, fresh … Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. Cours.) Identification A member of the legume family, Fabaceae, the yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) has a botanical name synonym of Cladrastis lutea. (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. The Yellowwood can withstand urban settings and is attractive to birds. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. Common Name(s): Yellowwood; Previously known as: Cladrastis lutea; Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. Rudd. This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 14:46. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Cours.) The Plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cladrastis.Of these 8 are accepted species names. Found principally on the limestone cliffs of Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, but it is hardy at the north to zone 4. Branchlets at first downy, but soon become smooth, light yellowish green; later red brown, finally dark brown. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The major limitation to the wide use of this species was known long ago, as "Cladrastis" means "brittle wood" in Greek. Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. Germany: Amerikanisches Gelbholz; Echtes Gelbholz; Italy: Legno giallo; EPPO code. This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and a broad, rounded crown. Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Trees of this species are expected to live over 60 years. Origin of the species name. Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native from North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. Spongberg, S. A. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Andrews, S. Trees of the Year: Cladrastis and Maakia. Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. Submission: Nathan Stephansky ‘17. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent, grooved above, light yellow beneath. Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Habit: Vase-shaped branching with an oval to rounded or even broad … Yellowwood State Forest-Wikipedia * Cladrastis kentukea (Yellow-wood) - introduced List of trees of Canada-Wikipedia. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Also covers those considered historical … FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea . Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Bark: Smooth gray, or light brown. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. 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