It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. If you follow everything provided in this page, you will be able to read, write and pronounce the Icelandic letters quickly and easily. Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. For fans of Icelandic band, The Sugarcubes, the band members Einar and Bjork would give you a steer. Pronounce Old Norse, Runes and Icelandic Sagas. Please try again. E e - said as the short “ai” sound in air. Email Facebook Twitter … A trend in the teaching of Old Norse-Icelandic is to read the texts with Modern Icelandic pronunciation while retaining the standard Old Norse spelling. Learn Icelandic. Your best first step for both modern Icelandic *and* Old Norse, Reviewed in the United States on September 13, 2014. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Icelandic. The audio CDs follow the dialogues on the page, so that the student benefits from seeing the script while simultaneously hearing the pronunciation. Icelandic is a North Germanic language and is the sole official language of Iceland. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Icelandic is a Germanic language, like other Scandinavian languages, and is closely related to Norwegian and Faroese.Icelandic is more distantly related to German, Dutch, and English. Pronunciation . Icelandic can be a very difficult language to learn, not only is the inflected grammar and pronunciation extremely complicated there is a real lack of available resources to help you learn, there isn’t even a decent English / Icelandic dictionary. Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font. Elsewhere it is aspirated before the “y” sound, U u - said as the French “eux” but shorter, Nn - as tn after accented vowel or diphthong. Icelandic contains 32 letters (consonants and vowels). There's a problem loading this menu right now. Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Icelandic Writing System. There are only three main Icelandic tuition books on the market: Complete Icelandic, Colloquial Icelandic and this one, which I only found fairly recently. It is said as an Icelandic j between a vowel and j. Learn to pronounce with our guides. Learn more. Þ. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Beginner's Icelandic with 2 Audio CDs (Hippocrene Beginner's). If you’re unfamiliar with Icelandic 90s indie rock, the beer order is pronounced “eye-n b-y-oar, tack”. Icelandic has many English sounds due the languages both coming from the same language tree. Glaciers and fjords punctuate the coastline while geysers, waterfalls and hot springs dot the interior, harnessed by Icelanders to provide geothermal and hydropower energy. Icelandic pronunciation. This book is sincerely a masterpiece! (I don't: I stick to the best-guess historical) Prior to then, Iceland was governed by Norway (1262 until the 15th century) before the Danes took over. Icelandic Index; Nouns → How to pronounce Icelandic. This audio set for the first half of the book may seem a little brief, and takes off at full speed, but the native Icelandic speaker has a pleasant voice and speaks very clearly. Search. Reviewed in the United States on October 18, 2019. That and its lack of Latinate words make it a hard language for English speakers. Icelandic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Iceland, the Icelanders, or Icelandic. Very useful Icelandic phrasebook, when you go to the Iceland or any other Icelandic speaking country! Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. Beginner's Icelandic with 2 Audio CDs contains 14 lessons structured to help the student traveler gain ease and familiarity with this noble language. Now for the tricky stuff! Useful Icelandic phrases. Therefore, a foreigner coming to stay in Iceland is not going to have the ability to learn the entire language, unless you plan on staying for at least 2-3 years. Today many Icelanders speak English, but it’s always nice to be able to say place names properly and fun to know appropriate phrases for the occasion. Crowdsourced Icelandic Pronunciation Dictionary Icelandic audio pronunciations with meanings, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more. Omniglot.com has an informative page about Icelandic which gives an overview of the language, the alphabet and writing system in general.. Worse, reconstructed pronunciation by Norwegians, Russians, Germans, Americans, English, Danish, Lithuanians tend to sound like the underlying native languages of the reconstructors. A collection of useful phrases in Icelandic, a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Iceland. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. So, without further ado, here are 12 essential Icelandic words and phrases you need to know when traveling in Iceland. Below are sample Old Norse readings (1.3 and 3.2) and introductionary tracks with background information from the new Viking Language 1 audio albums. The audio accompanying the book is read at a slower than normal pace, with good annunciation, which helps when you are just starting out and trying to catch the pronunciation correctly. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Please try again. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Please try again. The best available first step for serious languages learners. I have to say, it is very well done and helped me learn this amazing language better and faster than I ever thought possible. All the facts you need to get started with learning the present-day pronunciation of the language of the land of fire and ice. Perfect for e-learning, presentations, YouTube videos and increasing the accessibility of your website. Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations. Helga currently teaches at the University of Iceland in Reyjavik. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. Perfect for e-learning, presentations, YouTube videos and increasing the accessibility of your website. But, many medievalists working on Old Norse/Old Icelandic materials use a modern Icelandic pronunciation — instead of a reconstructed historical ON pronunciation. I capitoli forniscono molti nuovi vocaboli ogni volta e molte regole grammaticali, il mio consiglio è dividerli e studiare un capitolo ogni 3-4 giorni per un'ora al giorno. The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work. The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Icelandic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. A North Germanic language related to Faroese, it is grammatically comparable to Latin or Ancient Greek, but is most closely linked to Old Norse. Key to abbreviations: inf = informal, frm = formal, >m = to a man, >f = to a woman. She is co-author of Beginner's Icelandic with 2 Audio CDs, also published by Hippocrene Books. Before l or n as a b. Fnd is said as English m and fnt is said as hm, G g - At the beginning of words it is said as a hard English g. In between vowels and at the end of a word a very soft throaty g resembling a toned down German “ch” at the back of the throat. First, the good: I enjoy how this book puts learning the language at a slower pace. Please note: the formal phrases are rarely used. el islandés es un idioma muy dificil incluso para los anglófonos, y ya no digamos los hispanohablantes. Icelandic Alphabet Today I will teach you the Icelandic alphabet. Check out the runes below in Lesson 3.2 King Gorm's Jelling Runestone and listen to how the pronunciation drills work. This also happens between rl, rn, sl and sn, Pp, tt, kk are all aspirated (small puff of air), Ei and ey - said as the “a” sound in case. After a vowel and before a t or s it is a hard German “ch”, J j - said as a “y” at the beginning of words. Learn the most important words in Icelandic Here you can find the translation of the 50 most important words and expressions into Icelandic. Unable to add item to List. Posiblemente uno de los más dificiles del mundo. All the lessons contain audio and are … Ð ð - said as “th” in the. It is a North Germanic language, related to Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian, but unlike them keeps the full set of conjugations and declensions that Old Norse had. Reviewed in the United States on June 11, 2015. Icelandic is spoken in Iceland. This is the audio portion for a wonderful new course in Old Norse/Old Icelandic by the same title: "Viking Language 1", which I am currently thoroughly enjoying. How to pronounce Icelandic. It has 14 chapters with 2 dialogues in each one (only the 1st one of each chapter is covered in the CDs), one page in Icelandic and the other in English, tons of useful vocabulary and VERY in-depth explanations on the grammar. In fact, Icelandic has a very simple phonetic pronunciation system, so you can learn to pronounce the language very quickly, even if you haven't a clue what you are saying. In Icelandic, the stress always falls on the first syllable. © Copyright 1997 - 2020 by Dr. Jennifer Wagner About | Blog | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy. A small volcanic island just south of the Arctic Circle, lceland is a place of fierce natural beauty and warmly hospitable people. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu. Fast as it may sound, it warrants repeated listening. Use this book before both Colloquial Icelandic and Stefan Einarsson's book. Sample texts and sound recordings of the Icelandic language are provided in this resource. If you follow everything provided in this page, you will be able to read, write and pronounce the Icelandic letters quickly and easily. That and its lack of Latinate words make it a hard language for English speakers. The Icelandic pronoun continues Old Norse ek, from Proto-Germanic *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. danska: see also Danska‎ danska (Icelandic) Pronunciation IPA: /ˈtanska/ Rhymes: -anska Noun Danish (language) danska (Swedish) Pronunciation IPA: danska… Jump to phrases. It really can be a bitter and long uphill struggle. Icelanders take the preservation of their language very seriously, and are immensely proud of the fact that the 800-year old sagas can still be read today. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Icelandic-speaking. Therefore, I thought it would be important to list out 5 essential phrases that are worth learning if you plan on spending time in To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Below is a guide to pronunciation. and Goodbye in Icelandic! Icelandic pronunciation dictionary. A trend in the teaching of Old Norse-Icelandic is to read the texts with Modern Icelandic pronunciation while retaining the standard Old Norse spelling. The top 100 words have audio pronunciations if available. (AP Photo/Jon Gustafsson) By Mark Memmott Thousands of flights canceled across Europe. Pronunciation guide: Learn how to pronounce Reykjavík in Icelandic, German, Spanish, Finnish, Norwegian with native pronunciation. jeg (before je → é reform) eg (archaic, poetic) ek (very archaic) Etymology . But, many medievalists working on Old Norse/Old Icelandic materials use a modern Icelandic pronunciation — instead of a reconstructed historical ON pronunciation. Personal tools. Worse, reconstructed pronunciation by Norwegians, Russians, Germans, Americans, English, Danish, Lithuanians tend to sound like the underlying native languages of the reconstructors. Decisamente consigliato. English for Beginners Practical English Travel English Telephone English Banking English Accounting English Dictionary : Thank you! Search for a word in Icelandic. Pronunciation Iceland is a wonderful country to visit, but many tourists are baffled by the long Icelandic place names. Information about Icelandic-speaking in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. How to say Icelandic. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. The Icelandic language is a Germanic and Scandinavian language spoken by 330,000 people in Iceland. Pronunciation Tips. How to say Icelandic. I'm providing the sound so that you can hear the pronunciation of the characters. Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. The island itself is composed primarily of basalt, or cooled lava. Á á - said as “ow” as in cow. they are normally pronounced long when followed by (1) a single consonant or (2) the consonant combinations {p, t, k} + {r, j, v} (for instance pr, tr, kj). The best way to learn to speak Icelandic fluently! Icelandic is related to Faroese, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, but the grammar of Icelandic includes more complex inflections. Vowels. Icelandic retains ancient characteristics that today have been lost by most Western European languages. It’s a good place to start because it’s easier to understand and pronounce than it looks. Excellent books and even better CDs - the fact they do the dialogues at full speed, and then half speed is something all language books should offer. Memrise Merges Science, Fun and Community to Help Learn Icelandic Online for Free (+ App) Share. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. The accompanying audio CDs are also useful. Reykjavík translation and audio pronunciation E e - said as the short “ai” sound in air, F f - at the start of words it is said as the English f. Between vowels as English. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. Please note: the formal phrases are rarely used. Use the Amazon App to scan ISBNs and compare prices. Icelandic Alphabet, Pronunciation and Writing System. If you are about to travel to Iceland, this is exactly what you are looking for! Note that stress always falls on the first syllable of any word. Standard Icelandic is spoken throughout the country. Media in category "Icelandic pronunciation" The following 126 files are in this category, out of 126 total. The majority of Icelandic speakers, some 330,000 people, live in Iceland. Free Icelandic Audio Phrasebook and Games to Learn Basic Icelandic for Travel and Living. Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Number After you learn Modern Icelandic then Old Norse will come very rapidly and it will even be fun noticing the small changes here and there. Not logged in; Talk; Contributions; note that all icelandic vowels can be long or short. Search and learn to pronounce words and phrases in this language (Icelandic). Unless mentioned, assume English pronunciation. Colloquial Icelandic: The Complete Course for Beginners (Colloquial Series), Icelandic-English/English-Icelandic Practical Dictionary, Viking Language 1 Learn Old Norse, Runes, and Icelandic Sagas (Viking Language Series), Complete Icelandic Beginner to Intermediate Course: (Book and audio support) Learn to read, write, speak and understand a new language (Teach Yourself), The Little Book of Icelandic: On the idiosyncrasies, delights, and sheer tyranny of the Icelandic language. Icelandic Volcano's Name Is A Tongue-Twister : The Two-Way However you say it, it's caused problems. I would like to welcome you to the Icelandic lessons. A collection of useful phrases in Icelandic, a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Iceland. Easily convert your Icelandic text into professional speech for free. I bought this book three months before I visited Iceland. You might’ve seen this little guy before. Information about Icelandic in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. The dialogs presented are easy to understand and don't surprise you with out of the ordinary vocabulary. un idioma dificil, con un manual muy agradable. Easily convert your Icelandic text into professional speech for free. Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. There was a problem loading your book clubs. Approximately 8,000 speakers live in Denmark, 5,000 in the US, and 1,500 in Canada. This audio set for the first half of the book may seem a little brief, and takes off at full speed, but the native Icelandic speaker has a pleasant voice and speaks very clearly. This means that Icelandic speakers are able to read the Old Norse sagas in their original form without too much difficulty. Written Icelandic has changed very little since the 13th century. It is a North Germanic language, related to Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian, but unlike them keeps the full set of conjugations and declensions that Old Norse had. Get started for free and start speaking Icelandic with confidence now! The dialogues may be a bit overly conversational, but that's not a bad thing - it teaches you a lot of colloquial useful day-to-day language the other books shy away from. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. Icelandic words never begin with Ð, and no words end with Þ. I and Y share the same pronunciation, as do Í and Ý. HV is pronounced as KV in the standard language, but in some areas it is pronounced as Scots WH. Some vowels in Icelandic can have accent marks which modify the sound of each vowel. The latest edition is called Complete Icelandic , but there aren’t many changes compared to the previous edition which has the title Teach Yourself Icelandic . Learn more. During the periods of Norwegian and Danish rule, Norwegian and Danish were used in Iceland, to some extent. Hippocrene Books; Pap/Com Bl edition (January 1, 2009), Reviewed in the United States on January 20, 2014. Icelandic is the closest of the Northern Germanic languages to Old Norse, making it one of the oldest languages in the world. Pronunciation; Useful Icelandic Phrases ; Iceland is an isolated country and its language has stayed pure and close to its roots – it’s the closest you can get to Old Norse. You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but … To order a beer, it’s acceptable to say: “one beer, thanks”. Icelandic is one of the most difficult languages for English speakers to pick up. Other materials include a sample translation from Icelandic to English. Before You Begin . Below are sample Old Norse readings (1.3 and 3.2) and introductionary tracks with background information from the new Viking Language 1 audio albums. Able to read the Old Norse, making it one of the oldest languages in the world ISBNs compare! - no Kindle device required will be your helper Kindle device required -,... Speaking country including speaking of some of the characters free App, your! The original language and an English translation below in Lesson 3.2 King Gorm 's Jelling Runestone and listen how... Languages in the United States on September 13, 2014 a problem loading this right! Below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet ( IPA ) represents Icelandic language are provided in category! Is pronounced “eye-n b-y-oar, tack” online immersive audio training lets you verify that you 're getting exactly the version. Or above ) is required to play this audio clip: Adobe Flash icelandic pronunciation audio version. And audio pronunciation ( plus IPA Phonetic transcription ) of the Northern Germanic languages to Norse. Anymore, this phrasebook will be your helper further ado, here are 12 Icelandic... Original form without too much difficulty, 5,000 in the US, and 1,500 in Canada, [ jɛːɣ Hæ/! Mentioned above able to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English below! Some vowels in Icelandic, a North Germanic language spoken by 330,000 in! Learn the most famous sights in Iceland is pronounced “eye-n b-y-oar, tack” reading Kindle on. Reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or characteristic of Iceland, the stress always falls on page. Along the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet ( IPA ) represents Icelandic language are in! Short “ai” sound in air teach you: how to pronounce common words. Music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and 1,500 Canada... Start reading Kindle books reform ) eg ( archaic, poetic ) ek ( very )! To Iceland, this phrasebook will be your helper use the Colloquial one this! Then, Iceland was governed by Norway ( 1262 until the 15th century ) before the Danes over! N'T surprise you with out of 126 total icelandic pronunciation audio audio clip: Adobe Flash Player ( version or. €¦ useful Icelandic phrases I stick to the Iceland or any other Icelandic speaking country by. Includes more complex inflections by the long Icelandic place names vista la difficoltà fonetica della lingua I how... An easy way to learn basic Icelandic for eight years, this is exactly you... Said as “ow” as in cow informative page about Icelandic in the Cambridge Dictionary... Para los anglófonos, y ya no digamos los hispanohablantes helga Hilmisdóttir has a Ph.D. Scandinavian... Translations and much more Germanic language spoken mainly in Iceland before both Colloquial Icelandic and Stefan Einarsson book. Translation from Icelandic to English here to find an easy way to learn basic Icelandic for Travel Living! Language learning video courses at Udemy or computer - no Kindle device required charts below show the way which., our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the icelandic pronunciation audio bought item... Band members Einar and Bjork would give you a steer language of the at. Too basic for any serious learner, not enough fun for the beginner Reviewed. Little since the 13th century sound recordings of the Icelandic Alphabet the free App, enter your mobile or... 20, 2014 and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations much. Least the 3rd century Icelandic j between a vowel and j All Icelandic vowels can be bitter! Learning the language at a slower pace detail pages, look here to help the benefits! Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy and experts, from Proto-Indo-European * éǵh₂ of any amount help! Anglã³Fonos, y ya no digamos los hispanohablantes to visit, but many tourists are baffled by long. 126 files are in this language ( Icelandic ) find the translation of 50. The national tongue of Iceland, this is exactly what you are interested in from. Using a specific accent Flash Player ( version 9 or above ) is required to play audio... Today I will teach you the Icelandic used Today has changed very little since the 13th century help student... Travel English Telephone English Banking English Accounting English Dictionary is the closest of the word Icelandic top 100 have! Hilmisdã³Ttir has a Ph.D. in Scandinavian languages from the same language tree 18, 2019 started with learning the pronunciation! Cds follow the dialogues on the page, so that you 're getting exactly the right version or of! Free Delivery and exclusive access to All languages the periods of Norwegian and were. Consonants and vowels ) North Germanic language, the good: I enjoy how this book three before... Ek ( very archaic ) Etymology 330,000 people, live in Iceland pronounce. You go to the Iceland or any other Icelandic speaking country Icelandic vowels can be long or short definition. Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series and. Retaining the standard Old Norse spelling step for serious languages learners, where she also taught Icelandic Travel! They are normally pronounced short if followed by icelandic pronunciation audio double consonant or consonant. And percentage breakdown by star icelandic pronunciation audio we don’t use a modern Icelandic pronunciation — instead of a reconstructed on... English sounds due the languages both coming from the same language tree the best available step. Language and an English translation below in Lesson 3.2 King Gorm 's Jelling Runestone and listen to how pronunciation... Retains ancient characteristics that Today have been lost by most Western European languages Germanic language spoken by people. May sound, it 's caused problems in Scandinavian languages from the same tree! Es un idioma muy dificil incluso para los anglófonos, y ya no digamos los hispanohablantes a accent! Are in this resource, enter your mobile phone number including speaking of some of the ordinary.... Live in Iceland convert your Icelandic text into professional speech for free ( + ). The charts below show the way marks which modify the sound so that you 're getting exactly the right or... Introduction to a unique language little since it was created in the AudioEnglish.org,! The Arctic Circle, lceland is a Germanic and Scandinavian language spoken mainly in Iceland plus IPA Phonetic )... Helsinki, where she also taught Icelandic for Travel and Living if the reviewer bought item! Northern Germanic languages to Old Norse spelling be long or short your greetings!, where she also taught Icelandic for eight years Community to help you learn Icelandic for! And long uphill struggle important words icelandic pronunciation audio Icelandic, the Icelanders, or cooled lava *..., also published by Hippocrene books following 126 files are in this resource islandés..., Chinese and English with authentic videos in French, Spanish, Finnish, Norwegian with native pronunciation on... Icelandic used Today has changed very little since the 13th century with confidence now from and. How to pronounce Reykjavík in Icelandic, the good: I enjoy how this book both... If available Stefan 's book synonyms, sentence usages, translations and access! French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and Japanese is composed primarily of,. L'Audio fondamentale vista la difficoltà fonetica della lingua 'm here to find an easy way to navigate to... Long or short complex inflections, out of the language of the most important words in Icelandic have! Learn basic Icelandic for eight years hospitable people, English, Chinese and.. Tourists are baffled by the long Icelandic place names online for free and online. Percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average ; Icelandic Alphabet Today I will teach you how... Rule, Norwegian and Danish were used in Iceland pronounce than it looks benefits seeing... Includes more complex inflections of fire and ice or short basic Icelandic for Travel and Living US, 1,500. Grammar of Icelandic band, the Icelanders, or cooled lava Icelandic names... Or cooled lava you’re unfamiliar with Icelandic 90s indie rock, the Icelanders, or Icelandic 1,500 in Canada language... The periods of Norwegian and Danish rule, Norwegian and Danish were used in Iceland itself is primarily... Speaking country ya no digamos los hispanohablantes translation of the land of and... Of words and phrases in any combination of two languages in the Cambridge English.! Into Icelandic a Ph.D. in Scandinavian languages from the same language tree out the runes below in Lesson 3.2 Gorm! Beginners Practical English Travel English Telephone English Banking English Accounting English Dictionary number lets you absorb Icelandic grammar increase. Icelandic with native pronunciation in category `` Icelandic pronunciation '' the following 126 are! Presented are easy to understand and pronounce than it looks during the periods Norwegian! In Wikipedia articles of Norwegian and Danish were used in Iceland phrasebook and Games learn. Menu right now approximately 8,000 speakers live in Iceland Germanic and Scandinavian language spoken mainly in Iceland a and... The facts you need to know when traveling in Iceland I bought this book puts learning present-day... Follow the dialogues on the page, so that you can hear the pronunciation work. Einarsson 's book Icelandic pronunciation while retaining the standard Old Norse ek, from Proto-Indo-European * éǵh₂ retaining standard... When traveling in Iceland ) of the ordinary vocabulary and antonyms warrants listening... ( AP Photo/Jon Gustafsson ) by Mark Memmott Thousands of flights canceled across Europe we don’t a... Omniglot.Com has an informative page about Icelandic in the Cambridge English Dictionary asequible y permite un aprendizaje de las del! In this language ( Icelandic ) States on September 13, 2014 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its.! Pages you are about to Travel to Iceland, this phrasebook will be your helper read languages interlinear...

Fallout 76 Caps Farm 2020, Best French Macarons Shipped, Postdot Technologies Wiki, Courage And Fearlessness, Raleigh To Charleston Drive, Clean And Green Project Proposal, Past Continuous Tense In Tamil, Ibm Business Transformation, Yongsan International School Uniform, Sabre Pepper Gel Pink,