), Rodgers, N.A.M. London, England: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972. The Family History Library also has some pension records. The Soldier in Later Medieval England database has names of about 250,000 soldiers. The naval returns are indexed at The National Archives (ADM 10). Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use. Colchester, England: J.B. Hayward, 1988–9. Obviously, this will not be an exhaustive study of the subject of British military records, nor even of all the record types discussed here. This includes the UK & Irish WWI and WWII Wartime Records Collection.. “Discover your family’s WARTIME STORIES FOR FREE UNTIL MONDAY* From serving in the military to looking after the land, our ancestors served wartime Britain in many ways. There are many other pension-related records among those of the Paymaster General (Class PMG) at the Public Record Office. Other units can include local militia, fencibles, yeomanry and territorial units of the army. 3. Records of the Canadian Command, 1785-1883 C. Records of the Nova Scotia Command, 1762-1899 D. Miscellaneous records, 1757-1896, which come mostly from private sources. Regiments are usually divided into two or more Battalions. a husband, wife, or parent). With more than 25 Million Commonwealth military records and military history experts waiting to hear from you, we are the starting point for your UK military history research. The grave marker of a veteran may contain information about military service as well. Search Military Records and Much More! 29 clasps were authorised in total. Many of the records in this collection were composed by the Royal Chelsea Hospital for pensions. From a family history perspective, knowing what medals a relative was entitled to can lead to fascinating journies of discovery as well as the medal themselves providing useful information. Royal Marine Service records, 1842 -1926 can be accessed online via The National Archives. These records are for soldiers who were discharged for medical reasons (illness or wounds) during the First World War. In addition, militaria such as headress badges, buttons, photographs of uniforms, soldier's trunks, paybooks, letters, colours, and medals with clasps can provide proof of ancestral links. A battle or campaign in which his ship was involved, search the medal rolls. These records have the National Archives designation of WO 25. Britain's armed forces comprise, in order of seniority, the Royal Navy (including the Royal Marines - ADM) , Army (WO) and Royal Air Force (AIR). (Family History Library book 942 M2h. They represent about 8 percent of the soldiers who served during those years. If you are unable to visit the National Archives, they provide a document service at £0.40 per page. Army pension records start in 1690. Some of these men went on to use the training provided in the British Army to fight against the British in subsequent conflicts. For more specific information, like a personnel file for a U.S. veteran, you can request the records from the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Thus, the category for records in The National Archives of England is labeled WO for locating all Army collections. The Wooden City: A Journal for British Prisoners of War(Newspaper), Noyelles-Sur-Mer-Chinese Cemetery, Nolette, France, Chinese Labour Corps on the Western Front - Blog The National Arhives, Report - History of the Chinese Labour Corps used behind the lines in France, 1917-1919. Records transcribed in the UK for maximum accuracy; 1 on 1 Personal assistance from military photo and document experts ; Access to Orbats mapping tool, allowing you to trace your WW1 ancestors steps; Search. Ray Westlake. They are arranged by regiment, then alphabetically by surname for the years 1760 through 1872. The military courts of the United Kingdom are governed by the Armed Forces Act 2006. Findmypast also has several Irish-specific military resources including World War 1 records, Rolls of Honour and pensioner’s service records. A very active military records website and community in the UK is Forces War Records. That dominant position did not come at a small price. The Navy Official List books, available from 1673, give ports of call for ships during each year. British Battalions in France and Belgium, 1914. In the notes section of the catalog entry you should see the National Archives catalogue number, either WO 361 or WO 364. Military records include draft or service records, pension records, prisoner rolls and histories. These records of army service are available only for those soldiers who were discharged to pension. Naval musters contain "alphabets" (indexes organized by the first letter of the surname) from 1765.These records can also be used to track the movements of a specific individual. The individuals’ rank, regiment and dates of service determine which set of records you need. A brief explanation of musters and the location of available pre-1757 lists are given in: Militia units were generally raised on a county basis and kept their own records. (1916). A project is also underway to digitize Militia Attestation (enlistment) papers for 1806-1915 (WO 96), and make them available online through findmypast.com, by the end of 2011. Army service records for World War One are available at the National Archives, and many are online at www.ancestry.co.uk. To find the papers for your ancestor, you must search in the period of his discharge. Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under: Pre-1914 records for both the army and the navy are at The National Archives - The National Archives of the United Kingdom, The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU England, Army Records CentreBourne AvenueHayes, Middlesex UB3 1RFEngland, Ministry of DefenseMain Building, Whitehall SW1A 2HBEngland Internet, Imperial War Museum, London (WWI & WWII Collections). The service records are full of military jargon which is often in the form of abbreviations and acronyms. You can usually find navy officers in the Navy Lists (1782 to the present) or in the Index to Commission and Warrant Books (1695 to 1742). Fold3 features premier collections of original military records. You may also search military records by conflict served in or time period. Get military service records for the army, Royal Navy, Royal Marines or RAF from 1920 - who can apply, how long it takes, cost, how to apply 1880–1902: Boer Wars. 2, 1685-1689 at, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, Vol. Widow’s or children’s pension records often include marriage or baptismal certificates in support of the claim for assistance. (, The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Aug 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Sep 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Oct 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Nov 1919), The Monthly Air Force list (Volume Dec 1919), Photo courtesy of National Archives at Kew, London, England, Photo courtesy of the National Archives at Kew, London, England. Many different types of pension records covering different time periods still exist. These records vary over time and even between soldiers. 2nd ed. The individuals’ rank, regiment and dates of service determine which set of records you need. The returns of officers services for 1828 and 1829 have been transcribed and are found at the Family History Library. Dallington, East Sussex, England: Naval and Military Press Ltd., 1992. Sadly, about 60% of the records … (Family History Library book 942 M23s; compact disc number 128.) Get FREE ACCESS* to Ancestry UK’s Wartime Records collection NOW through 11:59 pm (GMT) Monday November 11th. The original files are at the Public Record Office in England. These are briefly dis… Approximately 16-18 million Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF) were destroyed. Colonial armies were forces raised in other countries. 1914-1918 - First World War. The index shows the name, age, birthplace, year of enlistment and discharge, the regiment, and the reference to the original document. These records are the service files of soldiers who were discharged from the British army between 1914 and 1920. Many of the troops discharged after the Crimean war were recalled to quell the revolt in India. The person was born more than 112 years ago. From 1757 to 1876, lists of men ages 18 to 55 were compiled by individual parishes and turned in to the shire (county) lieutenant. Originally the responsibility for directing the British Army fell under the command of the staff of the National War Office. It was possible to have a qualified pension commuted to allow a soldier to immigrate to British colonies. About 20,000 Welsh servicemen died. You can search the FamilySearch Catalog to obtain the microfilm number of the TNA Catalogue Number WO 364 records. The National Archives at Kew in the London area is the caretaker of most of the military records. These records or attestation forms were filled out at the time of recruitment, and in most cases, annotated to the date of discharge. This includes the UK & Irish WWI and WWII Wartime Records Collection.. “Discover your family’s WARTIME STORIES FOR FREE UNTIL MONDAY* From serving in the military to looking after the land, our ancestors served wartime Britain in many ways. Looking for your ancestors’ UK military records? Military records may have been created in peacetime or during time of war, depending on the record type, and you may even find military records for ancestors who never served. The RAF maintains its own records archive although officers papers are downloadable (£) from TNA here: $ RAF Officers records. The War Dead of the British Commonwealth and Empire. Air 78: An index to airmen and airwomen's service records held in AIR 79. When researching in military records, it is helpful to determine when and where in the armed service a soldier served, and whether he or she was in the enlisted ranks or an officer. Free digital downloads. Some mention his occupation before he enlisted in the service and show the assignments he had in the service. Article in Hel Achau, #3, Spring 1981, pages 21-24, Family History Library Ref. 15 November 2019. UK and Ireland: Military Records UK and Ireland genealogy. Post-WW2 casualties can be found listed at the Armed Forces Memorial website. The hospital first opened in 1682 for retired soldiers. 1914–1918: World War I. Armed forces service records containing records of individuals' service in the British armed forces. This chapter reviews the records of the army, the militia, the Royal Marines, colonial troops and the Royal Air Force. These records identify individuals who served or were eligible to serve in the military. In 1806 the War Office compiled the first return of service, listing all men in the army. Otherwise you will have to pay £2 fee to download it if you get it through The National Archives website: $ Medal Index Cards . Page 2. UK Official National Archives Website. 1803–1815: Napoleonic Wars. 6, 1707-1714 at, Holding, Norman H. World War I Army Ancestry. If you still cannot find a record, use the search strategies for soldiers. The records not only include military personnel but also civilians, nurses and Merchant seamen. You may find evidence that an ancestor served in the military from family records, biographies, census, probates, civil registration, or church records. These records show an individual's enlistment dates, his movements and discharge dates as show below, notice the sections under "First Muster, Second Muster, and Third Muster", these are the locations of the soldiers at the time of their pay. Sadly, about 60% of the records … British Army in India information. These lists usually contain each man’s name, parish of residence, age, fitness for service, and sometimes cause for exemption (such as a man with more than two young children, a disability, or an exempt occupation). British Regiments at Gallipoli. Royal Navy personnel. Medals indexes and records online at the National Archives. The application forms and guidlines can be found here: UK Veteran's Agency. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. They contain the officer’s birth date and place; promotions; transfers; marriage date and place; his spouse’s name; and his children’s names, birth dates, and birthplaces. (See England Archives and Libraries for details. Yeomanry were volunteer regiments, records of which often do not survive or are less complete than other military records. See England Archives and Libraries for the address. You can usually find army officers in the Army List (1740 to the present - see "Lists of Officers" in this article).  Navy musters cover 1667 to 1878. Regiments kept birth, marriage, and death records for officers and men. These two medals started a precedent of issuing campaign medals that still continues to this day, with the RAF joining the process in 1918 by following the lead set by the Army. However, there are very few records that have survived since then. London, England: Imperial War Graves Commission, 1957. UK Military Records. Signed-in users can download digital records for free. (The papers for those discharged without a pension were destroyed by fire many years ago). Through this website, members of the military can access their records online through their secure search engine database, or they can find ways to obtain their records through other means. Primarily covering WW1 service, these service records are often referred to as the "Burnt Series" due to the fact that the storage facility housing these records was hit by a German bombing raid during WW2 and consequently over 60% of the records were destroyed. (Family History Library book 942 M3c. "Birth certificates" submitted with widow’s pension applications may reveal an officer’s name. In order to access records online, you must provide substantial proof of identity, which protects your information from falling into the wrong hands. Looking for records of a British prisoner of the First World War (The National Archives) Records. Registered files of the Military Recruitment Department are in LAB 6. British Armed Forces, First World War Soldiers' Medical Records. Director, Global Research Systems . A service provided by, Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935, United Kingdom, Royal Air Force Officers' Index, 1918-1919, United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners' Service Records, 1760-1913, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, Militia Attestation Papers, 1800-1915. If you know a campaign or battle in which the ancestor fought, a place he was stationed, or a place where a child was born while he was in the service, use: Kitzmiller, John. There is a good chance that you can find service records, pensions or discharge papers. Board of Ordnance officers (artillery, engineers, sappers, miners, artificers, and others) are not always included in the Army List and have their own records until 1855. ), English Army Lists and Commission Registers, Vol. plus supp. The International Committee of the Red Cross has an incomplete list of all known POWs and internees of all nationalities for both World Wars. The earliest surviving navy records are from 1617, but the majority of the extensive collection date from the mid-1600s. These records (1790–1924) are available by correspondence from the Office of National Statistics (formerly Registrar General). A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army. A Division of The Everton Publishers [This article originally appeared in the September- October 1987 issue of Everton's Genealogical Helper. London, England: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1995. Army chaplains throughout the British Empire kept records that list the baptisms, marriages, and burials of officers, soldiers, and their families. Service Records. Royal Air Force records accessible online at the National Archives in England: Established by Royal Charter in 1917, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission pays tribute to the 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died in the two world wars from all services including civillian war dead. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. Muster records for the Royal Artillery are the earliest, beginning in 1708. British Battalions on the Western Front. The Royal Navy instituted its own equivalent, the Naval General Service Medal, also in 1847 but covering the slightly longer period of 1793-1840. US Army Personnel Records held at the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis for the First World War American Expeditionary Force were destroyed by a devastating fire in 1973. 2nd ed. Naval Records for Genealogists. The following military branches have separate records: These records are at The National archives. Helpful guides to making the most of the information held in military records and medal rolls. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has a searchable internet website: Lists of British army personnel who died during World War I have been compiled from official casualty lists and published in: Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914–1919. First and middle name(s): ... Union and Confederate Civil War Records; World War I and World War II; Korea and Vietnam; More than 30 Million Tombstone Photos; Over 800 million Exclusive Family Tree Records; Search More than 12.7 Billion Names in All; S. Beer . Tracing Your Ancestors in the Public Record Office. There is currently a £30 fee for copies of these records and the record copies are normally heavily censored. Chis Paton has built a website dedicated to this camp and is identifying those who were there during World War 1. Military records from WWI - present are held in the National Military Personnel Records Center (NPRC), in St. Louis, Missouri, See details of holdings. In total just over 20,000 medals were actually issued. They only list officers who had children and they are in the same order as the names appear in the original returns (grouped by first three letters of the surname). (Family History Library book 942 M2j.) British Military Records UK and Ireland genealogy. See National Archives for further information. Militia musters are lists of men in the militia. (Family History Library book 942 A5 no. Records for current serving and ex members of the Australian Defence Forces are held by different Government departments. Early militia lists and most militia musters contain only the men’s names. Whilst a staggering 231 different campaign or battle clasps were authorised, not all were issued. These records often contain details of an individual’s reason for pension, his fitness on discharge, and sometimes the address where pension payments were sent. If your ancestor does not appear in the Army List for the right time period, consult the card index to officers, available only at the Public Record Office. (Records prior to WWI are in Washington, DC.) Military Records. January to June, 1915. Military records from WWI - present are held in the National Military Personnel Records Center (NPRC), in St. Louis, Missouri, See details of holdings. Almost 1,000,000 died. On occasion, compulsory conscription was enforced and even "press-gangs" were used. Findmypast’s British Army service records is one of the most significant British Army collections available online. General Beckett, Ian. Ray Westlake. The Victoria Cross website lists the burial location for Victoria Cross holders world-wide. Strategies for finding the ship or regiment follow. To learn more about how to obtain a copy of a listing use the contact information located on their website. The records usually list each person assigned to a ship or regiment at the muster date, his age on joining, the date he joined, the place where he joined, and sometimes information such as a dependent list (in later army musters) and birthplace (on sea musters from 1770). The official archive of the UK government. There are over 12.5 million British records relating to military service and conflicts around the world. London: Leo Cooper, 1997. Searches can be made only by a written request and an hourly rate is charged. These records, similar to soldiers’ documents, were kept for army officers from 1771 until 1911. This merger created the totally independent Royal Air Force (RAF), and is the oldest air force in the world. 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