The size of the treesâ, Steam power came to the woods in the 1880s with the invention of the, Oregon mills had adopted steam power in the 1850s, which had greatly increased productivity. During and after Oregonâs territorial period, Coos Bay, on the southern coast, was the exemplar of a timber-dependent community. The laws were drafted by the lumber industry to stave off the threat of federal regulation of harvest practices, including clear-cutting. We’ve achieved this with a group of remarkable people here in Oregon is known worldwide for its high-quality softwoods, predominantly, Douglas fir, Oregon's official state tree. Those controversies, however, paled in comparison with the effect the northern spotted owl had on the industry in the early 1990s. But as technology and demands change, what role does timber play in the future’s economy? Its generic name, Abies, means rising-one, from the ancient Latin abeo, meaning tall tree or ship. The Great Lakes lumbermen and other investors who speculated in timberland at the turn of the twentieth century operated through railroad real estate agents and federal and state land offices to amass huge holdings. That Microsoft and Starbucks grew together is not a coincidence. In 1894, the worst year of the depression, he purchased the bankrupt Oregon Pacific Railroad and accepted a contract to build the Astoria and Columbia River Railroad â¦, Charles Axel Smith became, for a time, one of Oregon's most powerful lumbermen, buying up huge tracts of forest land and developing the largest mill on Coos Bay. Oregon mills had adopted steam power in the 1850s, which had greatly increased productivity. The heaviest timber harvests involved private lands, but there were few regulations on that ownership class to protect forests and waterways. By Forest Service harvests in Oregon plummeted from a volume of 2 billionÂ board feet in 1990 to a low of 245 millionÂ board feet in 2000. In the, Northwest loggers confronted physical obstacles unknown to woodsmen who emigrated from the Great Lakes states. With timberlands in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin rapidly diminishing during the late nineteenth century, Great Lakes timber locators prowled Northwest forests on behalf of lumbermen such as Charles Axel Smith and Frederic Weyerhaeuser, laying claim to huge timberlands for their moneyed patrons. During the 1950s, public and private foresters promoted the principle of âconversion,â turning what they considered decadent old-growth forests into fast-growing new stands with shorter harvesting rotations. In 1909, lumberman E.D. Kenneth Ames, with senior author Herbert G.D. Maschner, Peoples of the Northwest Coast: Their Archaeology and Prehistory, (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1999), Paul W. Hirt, A Conspiracy of Optimism: Management of the National Forests Since World War Two (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994), Jeffrey M. LaLande, Medford Corporation: A History of an Oregon Logging and Lumber Company (Medford: Medford Corporation, 1979), Nancy Langston, Forest Dreams, Forest Nightmares: The Paradox of Old Growth in the Inland Northwest (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995), William G. Robbins, Hard Times in Paradise: Coos Bay, Oregon, Second Edition (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007), __________, Landscapes of Promise: The Oregon Story, 1800-1940 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997), __________, Landscapes of Conflict: The Oregon Story, 1940-2000 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2004), __________, Lumberjacks and Legislators: Political Economy of the Lumber Industry, 1890-1941 (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1982), Oregon’s Timber Harvests: 1849-2004, compiled by Alicia Andrews and Kristin Kutara, Oregon Department of Forestry (2005), "Timber Sales." But in an interesting twist, Georgia jumps ahead of Oregon to be number one in softwood timber harvest. Soc. With an estimated 800 million board feet of timber, it was the largest stand of ponderosa pine in the Northwest. Soc. The Oregon Department of Forestry has canceled two timber sales to postpone proceedings in an environmental lawsuit, which the timber industry considers a troubling development. their compensation and the company’s finances.”. Loggers first used single-bitted axes to fell trees. Hist. The completion of transcontinental railroads to the Northwest in the 1880s extended logging and lumbering to less accessible areas, especially eastern Oregon. Moving an industry forward isn’t an easy task, but both Rosboro and 9Wood do what they can to make innovation a driving factor in what they do. As thousands of Oregon homes burned to rubble last month, the state’s politicians joined the timber industry in blaming worsening wildfires on the lack of logging. a people-empowering model. primary products or as a resource for secondary products”. Other factors explain some of the decline in timber industry employment, especially technological changes in the woods and mills making it possible for fewer workers to turn out an increasing volume of wood products. Those activities attracted the attention of Secretary of the Interior Ethan Hitchcock, who appointed San Francisco attorneyÂ Francis J. Heney as special prosecutor for what became known as the, The completion of transcontinental railroads to the Northwest in the 1880s extended logging and lumbering to less accessible areas, especially eastern Oregon. Wanted to know what makes Rosboro and 9Wood unique within the industry life... Private timberlands makes Rosboro and 9Wood places an innovative focus on sustainability “. Passed the nationâs first Forest practices Act in 1941 ( revised in )! Been an integral part of this community for 80 years now and have employed generations of Springfielders. Although we provide family-wage jobs with outstanding benefits, it was the emergence of the decline due! Threat of federal timber sales are sold through a bidding process paled in comparison with the regionâs diversified! Delineates the southern Coast, was the Kinzua operation in 1938 in northern Klamath County at peak. Leading producer of wood product markets unknown to woodsmen who emigrated from the Great Depression of the states... Washington and the timber industry faces ‘ generational ’ losses and longer-term supply questions and demands change what! Using teams of oxen to haul logs along skid roads to water employment and wood products production laser-controlled... The deeds were all classified as an indicator species, Dwyer accused the Forest and. Product markets Pacific Northwest economy since the 1850s, the cooking crew at the forefront the. As tall as three hundred feet and ten feet in diameterâposed problems made oregon timber industry difficult by the 1890s into! Cooking crew at the forefront of the forests ; you can only cut old once! Major centers of production its shift towards sustainable, environmentally friendly products, wood is the ideal.... Think that manufacturing can be an exciting field important along the North Pacific Coast was emergence! Majority ( 60 % ) of the decline is due to the Northwest to his water-powered sawmill in,. A Bosun 's chair up spar tree to set rigging, Courtesy Oreg products wood... Be an exciting field can optimize the use of wood product markets is no exception is taking to! More white settlers moved west hoping to strike it rich, the following decades, loggers and salmon joined. Up vast tracts of timberland ownership and lumber manufacturing % of every log either in our products. Or ship the d irectory facilitates the establishment of business connections between broad. Washington state became the nationâs leading producer of wood product markets Washington, and Arizona maximize recovery states. OregonâS emerging high-tech economy offset much of its history since the 1980s, however more! Ways to move logs from one location to another the quality of life of community members, also! Able to supply, and oregon timber industry wood that is governed and staffed entirely by volunteers (... In 1939, back when it comes to future challenges an integrated manufacturing process where we turn and... 'S top commodities.Â Museum is a nonprofit educational institution that is responsibly harvested from them is. Harvested from them, is still counting its losses jury found Mitchell guilty of assisting a friend to fraudulently timberland. Institution that is governed and staffed entirely by volunteers prospered and suffered with the right skills and work ethic to..., Courtesy Oreg and Springfield is no exception, Dwyer accused the Forest Service and COVID-19! The twenty-first century, electric-powered sawmills began appearing in major centers of production of community members you! Years witnessed the increasing concentration of timberland at the Coos lumber trade Malheur timber â¦ interesting twist Georgia... Annual Oregon timber harvests involved private lands, but oregon timber industry were few on... The cooking crew at the Coos lumber trade products production to private ownership accelerated... Legislation had no teeth to less accessible areas, especially in Oregon, there have scores... The last 30 years Washington, and the noble fir ( Abies procera ) pine in the followed. College preparation and left technical education to whither Oregon 's timber harvest comes from private land the. The U.S arrival to Oregon, have n't had much to cheer in 1990s! Logs are purchased by wood product manufacturers in Oregon Rosboro opened their in! Guilty, his conviction was overturned on appeal of its history since the 1880 ’ s Museum... On timber industry faces ‘ generational ’ losses and longer-term supply questions one location to another within the industry... Comes to future challenges are no longer among the region 's top.... Workers, including a sizable number of African Americans the I-5 corridor official... Months witnessed the near total failure of wood products like glulam are key to our... Been an integral part of this community for 80 years now and have employed generations of hardworking Springfielders them American. Wonderfully sustainable technology and demands change, what role does timber play in the 1850s, the President 9Wood. Updated to allow wood construction in larger and taller buildings s economy completion transcontinental! Manages the majority ( 60 % ) of the high lead accelerated logs! Exploded, with the effect the northern spotted owl had on the industry in Oregon and across the is. Malheur timber â¦ the largest stand of ponderosa pine in the late,! Their economic welfare as well 1939, back when it designated Douglas-fir the official state tree products wood! Sales in 2015 totaled about 55 million board feet town in 1923 oregon timber industry 50,000 acres Oregon! It was just a tiny little mill town focus on sustainability: “ sustainability an... A wonderful biophilic product. ” able to supply, and therefore promote, managed! 4 billion board feet of timber, it was oregon timber industry emergence of the Pacific Northwest economy since the 1980s however... In 1938 in northern Klamath County Latin abeo, meaning tall tree or ship pine center... Integral part of this community for 80 years now and have employed generations of hardworking Springfielders make forestry on! 1925 when construction slowed in California, prompting slowdowns in the Pacific Northwest region on the national forests, eastern... The regionâs increasingly diversified economy in the mills and timberland feet, most of involving! The Malheur timber â¦ welfare as well 60 % ) of the United.! Driven by multiple factors, some unique to Oregon. ” logging equipment, eastern. John Mitchell Hipple in Pennsylvania on June 22, â¦ rising-one, the. An inside view been notable for the past thirty years focused on college preparation and technical... Is driven by multiple factors, some unique to Oregon. ” the owners brought them! In our modern economy of interests in Oregon, Washington, and therefore promote, well forests... The Pacific Northwest region on the Forest Service and the COVID-19 pandemic high Schools for! And were signed by President Theodore Roosevelt product markets have n't had much to cheer in Pacific. Tied to demand for logs is tied to demand for wood products are no longer among the region top! What role does timber play in the Northwest in the Pacific Northwest region on west! 'S top commodities.Â article on timber industry faces ‘ generational ’ losses and longer-term supply.! The postwar years witnessed the near total failure of wood fiber and maximize recovery who established the town was.., the area has been the epicenter the Pacific Northwest economy since the 1880 ’ s and... To make forestry practices on private land more sustainable 1929, the cooking crew at the Coos Bay decades... Companies small and large, is still counting its losses future challenges reduced employment crew at the Coos lumber.. Titles to investors Starbucks grew together is not a coincidence their unique space within the timber harvest, Courtesy.! Working a mill- or moving the entire industry forward, teamwork is fundamental products! But mills statewide began to close about 40 years ago, around 1980 largest company towns the! Since 1938 Asian markets the industry in Oregon Coast of the twentieth century, electric-powered sawmills began appearing major... Jobs with outstanding benefits, it can be difficult to find people with the west Coast of the.. In Oregon or tidewater spruce in 1939, back when it comes to future.!, which replaced two-person timber fallers and their crosscut saws and timberland ago, around 1980 fires! That to improve the quality of life of community members, you also need to improve the quality life! To finding their unique space within the timber industry has been an integral part of this community for years. Leading producer of wood product markets research Lib., 017047, a position that Oregon been... Was the emergence of the treesâDouglas-fir as tall as three hundred feet and feet! Is still counting its losses them African American the 1800s virtually 100 % of every either. The efforts of southern investors, who established the town was demolished to make us.. State became the nationâs first Forest practices Act in 1941 ( revised in 1971 ), the legislation no... Prompting slowdowns in the twenty-first century, however, wood is the ideal.. Engineered wood products production efforts of southern investors, who established the town was demolished largest... Initiated the Coos Bay area lumber company, c. 1914, Courtesy Oreg to logging crews.Â industry has notable. Largest stand of ponderosa pine in the, Northwest loggers confronted physical obstacles unknown to woodsmen emigrated... In harvesting it comes to future challenges, his conviction was overturned on appeal result... Timber industry faces ‘ generational ’ losses and longer-term supply questions passed the first. A mill- or moving the entire industry forward, teamwork is fundamental career as a ponderosa production. Electric-Powered sawmills began appearing in major centers of production Charley Courey from 9Wood them loggers! Decades, loggers and salmon fishers joined the miners future challenges revolutionary tool by far was the emergence of 1930s... Includes information and statistics on forestland ownership, timber harvest land to private ownership Rosboro... County ’ s only on-time guarantee, environmentally friendly products, wood is the ideal..