It has an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of up to 7m. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. Invasive Species - (Impatiens glandulifera) Watch List Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. Consider surrounding properties and potential for reintroduction. Hexagonal fleshy hollow stems that are reddish in colour. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. Himalayan Balsam grows between 1 and 2 metres in height with 2 or 3 serrated green leaves being arranged at node points along the green / red stems. Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive. Himalayan Balsam • It grows in dense thickets, often along waterways (see picture no. Identification of Himalayan Balsam is very important, as it is advised that if you note the presence of it in your garden, you should take steps to remove it from the site. Himalayan Balsam. Branches arise from the stem joints. The seedpods open in such a way that the seeds are thrown several metres away from the parent plant, helping the species to rapidly spread – often quoted as 20 metres in all directions per season. There are 5-10 flowers on each stem and the flowers have 5 petals that are purple, pink, or white in color. The genus name Impatiens, means "impatient", and refers to its method of seed dispersal. Himalayan Balsam identification. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Giant Hogweed Photos are sourced from GBNNSS, Tom Richards and RPS group Plc. Policeman's helmet, also known as jewelweed or Himalayan balsam, thrives in moist areas and riparian zones. Himalayan Balsam. It is illegal to move soil which contains its seeds and accidentally spreading them and its growth. insects) at the expense of indigenous species. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Identification Himalayan Balsam, also called Policeman’s helmet, is native to the western Himalayas. Identification. History. Its exploding seeds meant it quickly escaped gardens and it is now established as an invasive species across most of the world. Tanner RA; Gange AC, 2013. Himalayan balsam also promotes river bank erosion due to the plant dying back over winter, leaving the bank unprotected from flooding. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. The leaves are 6 – 15cm long, lance shaped, with … Leaves are lanceolate with serrated edges, stalked, shiny, dark green with a reddish midrib. In the early 1800s it was introduced to many parts of Europe, New Zealand and North America as a garden ornamental. The plant likes to grow on river banks where it easily establishes, forms large patches and spreads quickly by seed. Himalayan or Indian balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an annual herb and was introduced to Britain in 1839. A very invasive, non-native plant which is illegal to grow or cause the growth of. Carry out a survey and produce a distribution map indicating the location across the site. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Several photographs of Himalayan Balsam and a description of the plant. So expert advice should be your first port of call. Large pale pink-purple trumpet flowers in June – October. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan balsam is native to the foothills of the Himalayas, India and Pakistan, and was first released into the UK in 1839 as an ornamental garden plant. Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. Each plant can produce as much as 800 seeds and therefore removal should be undertaken in the winter months when the plant is … Himalayan balsam grows up to 3 metres high with a hollow and bamboo-like … – Especially the ripe seed pods! Identification. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and … Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. Each plant has the ability to spread over 7 metres every season, making it difficult to eradicate without a coordinated approach, particularly around rivers and water courses. Wolfsbane It is an offence to plant this species or to cause it to grow in the wild. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 141:247-266. Talk to adjacent land owners Identification Leaves – Slender, oval and shiny about 15cm long with a red vein running up the middle. Before, around 1978, I don’t remember these Balsam plants growing, but soon after, they had spread, using the numerous streams which fed the upper River Irwell. Including rivers/streams is important. glanduliferae var. We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK. Its common name is “Policeman’s Helmet” due to the shape of the flowers. The impact of two non-natibe plant species on native flora performance: potential implications for habitat restoration. ... Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Legislated Because. 2. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam Photos are sourced from GBNNSS and Groundwork South. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall.It flowers from late May to October. Himalayan Balsam Identification and Control Himalayan Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera is a large annual plant native to the Himalayas. The fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched. Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Giant Hogweed is a species native to the Caucasus mountains in South West Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Invasive Himalayan balsam can also adversely affect indigenous species by attracting pollinators (e.g. Puccinia komarovii var. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the … I found this plant Very interesting! It was introduced to North America as an ornamental garden plant. Best Regards. It was introduced to Kew Gardens in 1839 and is thought to have mainly been spread by people passing seeds to each other. Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. Himalayan balsam grows in dense clumps and is a herbaceous annual plant, which is easily identifiable when mature. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. Confirm Himalayan balsam identification. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods … If you […] Grows up to 3 metres tall. It is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the world. Even if you accidentally cause this plant to grow you could face criminal charges. Click here for the latest Himalayan Balsam information leaflet. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera. Although very attractive in appearance, Himalayan Balsam is a pest and one of the most rapidly spreading Invasive weeds in the UK. We would recommend you also look elsewhere for further information, possibly not covered on these pages. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. Dark green lance-shaped leaves with serrated edges and pointed tips. Stems of Himalayan Balsam are pinky red, hollow, sappy, brittle and jointed. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. Hanging explosive seed pods that can throw seeds over 7 metres away from the plant. Himalayan Balsam is, as the name suggests, native to India, more specifically to the Himalayas. How to identify Himalayan Balsam. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious teeth around their edges (see above and pictures no. 3. Identification. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways.It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. Himalayan Balsam Identification. Himalayan Balsam was one of my successes. It was introduced to Britain from India in 1839, and promoted as an alternative to the orchids grown by those wealthy enough to have greenhouses. 3). 2 and 5). Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. The plant was introduced to the UK in the early 1940’s by the horticultural industry. Identification of Himalayan balsam. nov.: a fungal agent for the biological control of Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera). It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. Himalayan balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. It is also commonly referred to as Indian Balsam. It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. Himalayan Balsam is seen Spring to Autumn and is best treated in early Summer. Although sometimes sold as an ornamental, this native of Asia has been added to the Washington State Noxious Weed list due to its invasive nature.